Radical Equality: 1842-1846

Links & Literature

Resources Behind This Site – Also see the sources page.

Historic Northampton Museum offers a wealth of local history resources – including the Stetson letters, and most of the documents and images on this site. Join Historic Northampton to access an extensive online database, publications, other interactive exhibits, and more.

Links to Other Sites on the NAEI and Its Impacts

The David Ruggles Center of Early Florence History & Underground Railroad Studies features a rich and growing array of resources on the NAEI. www.davidrugglescenter.org/

Local historian Steve Strimer built a site on David Ruggles in Florence featuring this important Underground Railroad leader and NAEI member. http://davidrugglesinflorence.blogspot.com/

Sojourner Truth Memorial: Provides an overview of her life. Describes the search to identify and confirm her house in Florence.
http://sojournertruthmemorial.org/her-history/

Middle school students at the Hilltown Cooperative Charter School created a site on Basil Dorsey (1820-1872): Case Study of a Fugitive Slave in Florence, Massachusetts. basildorsey.googlepages.com Dorsey moved to Florence in 1849, after the NAEI.

Local historians, including Smith College Students explore the rise and fall of the silk industry in Northampton through this captivating web site. Northampton Silk Project.

Published Sources

Letters from an American Utopia: The Stetson Family and the Northampton Association, 1843-1847.  Edited by Christopher Clark and Kerry W. Buckley.  University of Massachusetts Press.  Amherst and Boston.  (2004).

The Communitarian Moment: The Radical Challenge of the Northampton Association. Christopher Clark. Cornell University Press. (1995). (Reissued in paperback by the University of Massachusetts Press.  2003.) (A chapter from The Communitarian Moment appears in A Place Called Paradise: Culture & Community in Northampton, Massachusetts 1654-2004. Edited by Kerry W. Buckley.  University of Massachusetts Press. 2004.)

Northampton’s Century of Silk. Marjorie Senechal.  The 350th Anniversary Committee, City of Northampton, Massachusetts. (2004). Contact Steve Strimer, Collective Copies, Florence, Massachusetts.)

Literature

High School

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass: An American Slave, Written by Himself.  (1845). There are numerous editions in print.  Also available online. See web listings.

[Narrative of Sojourner Truth,Boston and New York, 1850. Written by Olive Gilbert, based on information provided by Sojourner Truth. (1850). There are numerous editions in print.

Middle School

Voices for Freedom: Abolitionist Heroes. (2010) This excellent series includes: Sojourner Truth: Speaking Up for Freedom and Frederick Douglass: From Slavery to Statesman. Crabtree Publishing Company

Ages 9-12

Harriet Tubman. Paperback: 192 pages.  By Kathleen Kudlinski.  Illustrated by Robert Brown. Paperback: 192 pages. Aladdin. (2002). Illustrated narrative.

Sojourner Truth: Ain’t I A Woman. By Patricia C. Mckissack. Paperback: 192 pages.  Scholastic Paperbacks; Reprint edition. (1994). Illustrated narrative.

Sojourner Truth. By Kathleen V. Kudlinski.  Illustrated by Lenny Wooden. Paperback: 160 pages.  Aladdin.  (2003). Illustrated narrative.

Only Passing Through: The Story of Sojourner Truth.  By Anne Rockwell.  Illustrated by R. Gregory Christie.  Hardcover: 40 pages.  Knopf Books for Young Readers.  (2000).  Intriguing stylistic pictures and narrative up to the beginning of her abolitionist work.

Ages 7-10

A picture book of Sojourner Truth.  By David A Adler. Scholastic; 1st ed edition. (2001).  Illustrated chronological narrative.

Ages 4-8

Frederick Douglass: The Last Day of Slavery.  By William Miller.  Illustrated by Cedric Lucas.  Paperback: 32 pages.  Lee & Low Books; New Ed edition.  (1996).  Focuses on the moment when, as a slave, he summoned up the strength to stand up to his white overseer.

A Picture Book of Frederick Douglass By David A. Adler.  Illustrated by Samuel Byrd.  Paperback: 32 pages.  Holiday House; Reprint edition. (1995).  Illustrated narrative.

Additional Web Links

Abolitionism

American Abolitionism. Indiana University.  (Grades 4-12).  Excellent online overview with background resources and documents on the abolitionist movement of the 1830s to 1860s.  http://americanabolitionist.liberalarts.iupui.edu/

The Worcester Women’s History Project provides excellent concise biographies of many abolitionists, including Northampton Association Members: Lydia Maria Child, Charles C. Burleigh, as well as William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass, and Theodore Dwight Weld.
http://www.wwhp.org/Resources/Biographies/

The Women in History site includes good short biographies of Sojourner Truth and Harriet Tubmanhttp://www.lkwdpl.org/wihohio/figures.htm

Frederick Douglass National Historic Site offers biography and extensive resources including a Quicktime video tour of Douglass’ Washington DC home.  http://www.nps.gov/frdo/freddoug.html

The Frederick Douglass Papers.  Grade Range: 9-12.  This Library of Congress site offers Douglass’ speeches, life biography, and family tree. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/doughtml/doughome.html

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave.  (1845).
http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/Literature/Douglass/Autobiography/

Frederick Douglass Family Foundation. An organization of direct descendants of Douglass that works to end human trafficking in all its forms.  Resources and curriculum for grades 6-12:  http://www.fdff.org/

Lydia Maria Childs, writer and activist.  Her books include, An Appeal in Favor of That Class of Americans Called Africans.
Excerpts of “An Appeal”:
http://www.iath.virginia.edu/utc/abolitn/childhp.html
Entire book downloadable for free:
http://www.archive.org/details/appealinfavoroft00chilrich

William Lloyd Garrison, Boston abolitionist, publisher of The Liberator. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p1561.html   PBS biography with links to additional resources. Website accompanying PBS series Africans in America.

Sojourner Truth Narrative – Complete text of the orginal.
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~hyper/TRUTH/cover.html

Harriet Tubman.  A short biography with references:  http://www.harriettubmanbiography.com/

Theodore Weld.  Brief biography and description of his published letters (with his wife Angelina Grimké Weld, and her sister Sarah Moore Grimké).
http://www.clements.umich.edu/Webguides/Arlenes/UZ/WeldGrim.html

A Peoples History of the Abolitionist Movement” curriculum: http://zinnedproject.org/materials/if-there-is-no-struggle-teaching-a-peoples-history-of-the-abolition-movement/

Sites by Students
Harriet Tubman & The Underground Railroad. 2nd graders at Pocantico Elementary School, Sleepy Hollow, New York.  http://www2.lhric.org/pocantico/tubman/tubman.html

Industry
Springfield Armory National Historic Site
http://www.nps.gov/spar/

Forge of Innovation
http://www.forgeofinnovation.org

Lowell National Historic Park
http://www.nps.gov/lowe/

Utopian Communities
This WebQuest site has extensive links to communitarian philosophy, history, and primary sources (including historic sites) from the early 19th Century to today.
http://www.umsl.edu/~gryan/amer.studies/amst.utopianwegquest.html

U.S. Constitution

Dirksen Congressional Center – “Class Constitution.”  Lesson for students to write a class constitution.
http://www.congresslink.org/print_lp_classconstitution.htm

Utah Education Network – “Writing a Classroom Constitution.” Online lesson.  Includes study of U.S. Constitution.
http://www.uen.org/Lessonplan/preview.cgi?LPid=499

U.S. Constitution
http://ratify.constitutioncenter.org/constitution/index_no_flash.php

U.S. Constitution Web Portal – Links to a variety of resources and lessons.
http://faculty.fullerton.edu/tgreen/constitution/teacher.htm

Constitution of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
http://www.mass.gov/legis/const.htm

League of Women Voters Introduction to the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
http://www.lwvma.org/govconstitution.shtml

Mayflower Compact
Mayflower Compact – Image of historic copy.  Full text.
http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/revolution/mayflower.htm

Mayflower Compact – Full text with explanation of context and importance.
http://oll.libertyfund.org/index.php?Itemid=264&id=1033&option=com_content&task=view

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