Radical Equality: 1842-1846


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Cash cropping - A crop grown in mass primarily for sale to others rather than for his or her own use. Became more popular after the Market Revolution in the 1830s.
Charles J. Finney - Finney was a Presbyterian minister and became a leader of the evangelical revival movement in America during the Second Great Awakening.
Come-outerism - The practice in which people left organized churches that did not openly renounce slavery and support abolitionism.
Communal experiment - During the late 1840s, several groups experimented with communal living as a way to resist the social, political and economic changes of the time.
Communitarian moment - A short period of time in the 1840s within which numerous utopian communities formed in attempts to promote reform and change in society.
Cotton gin - Machine, invented by Eli Whitney, that quickly and easily separates the cotton fibers from the seedpods. The cotton gin drastically cut the time needed to produce sellable cotton.
Cult of domesticity - A prevailing view among middle and upper class white women during the nineteenth century in Great Britain and the United States. Women were put in the center of the domestic sphere and were expected to fulfill the roles of a calm and nurturing mother, a loving and faithful wife, and a passive, delicate, and virtuous creature. These women were also expected to be pious and religious, teaching those around them by their Christian beliefs, and expected to unfailingly inspire and support their husbands.